Why is UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson facing his biggest crisis, and what comes next?
By Jack Guy and Luke McGee, CNN
Updated 1057 GMT (1857 HKT) July 6, 2022
Nobilo: Key resignations deal blow to Boris Johnson
Nobilo: Key resignations deal blow to Boris Johnson 01:40
London (CNN)UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson is facing his biggest crisis yet, after two senior Cabinet ministers resigned on Tuesday.
Health Secretary Sajid Javid and Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak stepped down after days of mounting pressure on Downing Street over the handling of allegations of sexual misconduct by a member of the government.
Johnson has weathered multiple storms during his time as Prime Minister, but this may be one crisis too many.
Here's what you need to know.
Chris Pincher resigned from the government on June 30 following allegations of sexual misconduct.
How did we get here?
The immediate cause of the crisis was the fallout from the resignation last Thursday of Deputy Chief Whip Chris Pincher, amid allegations he had groped two guests at a private dinner the night before.
What landed Johnson in deeper trouble, though, were the contortions that Downing Street press officers went into when trying to explain why Pincher was ever in government in the first place.
At first, when new reports of Pincher's historical conduct emerged in the light of his resignation, Downing Street denied the Prime Minister knew anything about the allegations, which related to Pincher's time as a Foreign Office minister.
When it became clear this would not hold, Johnson's team said he had known about the historical allegations, but that they had been "resolved."
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When it emerged that one of the previously unreported allegations against Pincher had been upheld, Johnson's spokesperson explained that "resolved" could mean that it had been upheld.
Then on Tuesday morning, Simon McDonald, the former top civil servant at the Foreign Office, revealed that Johnson had been briefed in person about the outcome of an investigation into Pincher's conduct, sparking a wave of resignations over the course of the day.
What happens next?
Boris Johnson is still in control of his own fate ... for now.
Conservative Party rules dictate that if a leader wins a confidence vote, then they are immune from another challenge for 12 months. Johnson survived a confidence vote on June 6.
However, so deep is the current crisis that it's possible the 1922 Committee of Conservative backbench Members of Parliament could rewrite the rules in order to get rid of the Prime Minister.
Huge blow for Boris Johnson as two senior UK government ministers resign
The 1922 executive is expected to meet Wednesday to fix a date for elections to its committee. If a large enough number of anti-Johnson MPs are elected to the executive, then the chances of the rules changing increase dramatically.
Until that point, the real question is just how much public humiliation can the Prime Minister take?
More ministers will almost certainly resign and opposition sources are talking up the prospect of defections.
What happens if Johnson resigns?
In the UK, the resignation of a Prime Minister doesn't automatically trigger a general election.
If Johnson were to step down, the Conservative Party would hold an internal election to choose a new leader, who would then become Prime Minister.
Johnson would probably remain in post until his successor had been chosen, as did his predecessors Theresa May and David Cameron when they resigned in May 2019 and June 2016, respectively.
Barring another resignation or an early election, the new Prime Minister would then lead the UK until the next scheduled election in 2024.